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what is mercerized cotton yarn

来源:    重庆赛浩新材料有限公司    发布日期:2020-12-02    

When you go shopping for cotton yarn or thread, you may have noticed that sometimes the label says 100% cotton while other times it says 100% mercerized cotton. To mercerize fiber it is submerged in sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as caustic soda or lye. The yarn’s color assortment can be enriched by the tones of its ‘sister-yarn’ Cotton (unmercerized cotton yarn). Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. © 2018 Copyright Lion Brand Yarn. The mercerizing process was developed by John Mercer, a British chemist who patented the process in 1851, but the process was popularized by Horace Lowe in 1890 when he altered the process slightly in order to confer a high luster to the resulting fibers. Both Cotton Mercerized and Cotton have the same tension, and the same patterns can be applied to both yarns. This is done in repeated bursts of four minutes or less. Like many inventions, the term “mercerized” was derived from the name of the person who created it. And why is it important for your handmade projects? cotton, hemp, linen) in fabric or yarn form. While the idea behind mercerization was good, the shrinkage of fibers was not ideal. Certain types of cotton fibers work better to make mercerized cotton yarn than others because of the way the sodium hydroxide is absorbed and the way the cotton fibers respond to it. Mercerized cotton is a special kind of cotton yarn that is more lustrous than conventional cotton. Mercerized cotton is a treated cotton yarn that therefore is not as absorbent, it is less likely to shrink in the event it gets wet and appears shinier to the eye. Mayflower Cotton 8/4 Mercerized is an exclusive and neat cotton quality of 100% cotton. What are the Different Types of Yarn for Knitting. This chemically alters the structure of the fiber and makes it stronger, shinier and less likely to pill. You know, like Egyptian cotton or something like that? It is offered in a selection of beautiful colors, going from the the stronger shades, to the more natural ones. The yarn is treated with Sodium Hydroxide (Caustic Soda) to swell the fibres and increase the fibre’s lustre as well as its affinity for dye by increasing the surface area of the fibre. This increases the luster while also strengthening the thread. I wish you’d do a crotchet along tutorial with photos showing how to crochet step by step that cute green bag you show on the newsletter advertising this article. Sett these yarns at 16-18 epi for plain weave, and 18-20 epi for twill weave structures. So what is mercerized cotton? This description is unclear to many people, especially if you have never seen or felt different cottons. Creating a more colorful, connected, and giving world. It also makes the cotton mildew- and lint-resistant and helps it accept dye more readily, allowing for stronger, more brilliant colors. Lowe improved upon Mercer’s idea. MERCERIZED COTTON So I'd no idea what mercerized cotton actually was, so I asked Mum, and this is what she sent me back. For this variety of knitting project, a type of yarn called “mercerized cotton… For instance, I really like to make washcloths for my kitchen. Mercerisation is a textile finishing treatment for cellulose fabric and yarn, mainly cotton and flax, which improves dye uptake and tear strength, reduces fabric shrinkage, and imparts a silk-like luster. First and foremost, cotton and mercerized cotton are the best choices for crochet toys intended for babies. When choosing a type of yarn, it is important to consider gauge, weight and drape. The reduced twist in these fibers also makes them more absorbent. It also may not shrink or lose its shape as much as \"regular\" cotton. 100% cotton and mercerized cotton. For knitters, crocheters and other crafters, mercerized cotton yarn comes in a wide variety of sizes and colors. It's light, soft, shiny and easy to work with. To mercerize fiber it is submerged in sodium hydroxide (NaOH), also known as caustic soda or lye. Mercerized 100% Cotton Yarn for Knitting and Crocheting, 3 or Light, DK, Worsted Weight, Drops Muskat, 1.8 oz 109 Yards per Ball (01 Lavender) 4.5 out of 5 stars 34 20 Skein Yarnart Begonia Yarn, 100% Mercerized Cotton, Each 1.76 Oz (50g) / 185 Yrds (169m), Fine Sport: 2, Version 2 4.8 out of 5 stars 10 All Rights Reserved. As the article said, mercerized cotton definitely has a certain shininess to it. Lace weight cotton yarn can make a gossamer shawl look as though it were made of spider silk. A wide variety of mercerized cotton yarn options are available to you, There are 772 suppliers who sells mercerized cotton yarn on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. Check out these great mercerized yarns: Patons Grace, Aunt Lydia’s Fashion Crochet Thread, and Red Heart Crochet Thread. Mercerized treatment of cotton increases its luster & affinity for dyes. Mercerized cotton is made by holding cotton yarn or fabric under tension, bathing it in a caustic solution at room temperature, and then neutralizing it with an acid bath. @strawCake - I'm a knitter also, and I think you're right -- mercerized cotton yarn definitely has it's place in any knitters yarn stash. Lowe) to prevent shrinkage. What is Mercerized Yarn? This whole Mercerizing process results in the swelling of the cell wall of the cotton fibre, causing increase in the surface area and reflectance, and thus gaining a lustrous appearance on the fibre. Want to try mercerized cotton for yourself? We have kitted up the yarns for that pattern. There are certain projects that I wouldn't want to make "shiny," you know? So often I can get started and then something stumps me and I can’t move forward and have to give up. The mercerization process gives the yarn incredible color and sheen which will last through multiple wash cycles. Mercerization is a process that makes the yarn smooth, stronger and takes dye better. However, it also resulted in fibers shrinking by as much as 25% percent. You found a pattern that calls for cotton yarn and immediately start searching for the perfect match. However, there are some projects I prefer to use just plain cotton for. However, I don't like to use mercerized cotton for this purpose. 3/2 Mercerized "Perle" Cotton Yarn is put up on standard one pound cones for weavers and machine knitters. 100% unmercerized cotton yarn. Mercerized cotton is also known as "pearl" or "pearle" cotton, that is why we call our line of mercerized cotton Pearly Perle. In general, mercerized cotton yarn is made from cotton that produces longer fibers, such as Egyptian and Pima cotton, because they do not need to be twisted as much as cotton with shorter fiber lengths. Cotton yarn in general, though, has a rougher texture and a less delicate drape than other yarns, especially fine wool yarn, alpaca yarn and various handspun and novelty types of yarn. Mercerized cotton is sometimes referred to in the crafts as pearl or pearle cotton. Most of the cotton that people buy for crochet today is unmercerized but you should know about mercerized cotton as well. I had no idea the process for making mercerized cotton yarn was so involved. Who needs shiny washcloths? Discover the magic of mercerized cotton! Mercerization is the process of treating cotton thread in a caustic solution (usually sodium hydroxide) under tension, which causes the fibers to swell. Made from long staple Egyptian cotton, mercerized then gassed for … Mercerized cotton is cotton which has been treated with sodium hydroxide which strengthens it and makes it smoother. Mercerized cotton is a special kind of cotton yarn that is shinier than ordinary cotton. Many sumptuous colors to choose from. The chemical caused the fiber to swell and compact thus increasing its tensile strength. It is cotton yarn or fabric which has been put through a series of processes, primarily to increase luster. The process causes a permanent swelling of the fiber, resulting in higher luster. Nope, I'll take a nice 100% regular cotton aran yarn for these types of projects any day! Usage: Perfect for baby and summer garments. Coachella Boots I figured out a filet crochet cowl but it took me a long time to find vids showing me exactly what to do. Mercerized cotton yarn is a type of cotton yarn that has been produced in a certain way that makes it stronger, more lustrous and less likely to shrink. After the process you have a smooth, luminous yarn that is easy to care for. It is also stronger, takes dye a little more readily, produces less lint, and is more resistant to mildew. Mercerized yarns more readily accepts dye and holds the color longer. The yarn is recommended for use in blouses and sweaters, as well as accessories and interior. Cotton with long staple fibre lengths resound best to mercerization. It keeps its shape extremely well which makes it the perfect yarn for the Aldi Quarter Keeper Keychain. Produced when cotton is soaked in sodium hydroxide then neutralised in acid, this type of yarn is also known around the knitting and crocheting block as ‘pearl’ or ‘pearle’ cotton because of its bright finish. I would so like to make it but I don’t know how to read crochet instructions. He developed the process known as mercerisation w Mercerized cotton yarn is great for sweaters and other garments because it doesn't shrink as much as regular cotton. 24/7 Cotton, shown above, is a worsted weight 100% mercerized cotton from Lion Brand yarn. Our range of 100% Mercerized Cotton Yarns are ideal for a vast range of knitting and crochet projects.The Knitting Wool Store is proud to be able to offer such a wonderful selection … experimented with using sodium hydroxide to treat cotton. Mercerizing is a yarn and thread treatment which actually changes the chemical composition of the cotton, making it … Mercerized cotton has a higher luster, greater strength, holds more dye, and does not shrink as much when washed as unmercerized cotton.Mercerized cotton yarn is smoother and shinier than unmercerized cotton making it more suitable for garments and fancier items. Browsing through yarn options you might find that some use the term mercerized cotton in the fiber content. If you are making something where strength of the fabric or structure is important than mercerized cotton will be a better option. Made from 100% Mercerized cotton, shiny and warm. Yarn gauges and yarn weights from very fine, lace-weight yarn to heavier worsted weight can be found easily in any craft store, making mercerized cotton yarn a convenient choice for any project. Tension is held for about 10 minutes while a 21-23 percent sodium hydroxide solution is applied at room temperature. Mercerized cotton is a special kind of cotton yarn that is more lustrous than conventional cotton. This type of processed cotton yarn also is referred to as pearl yarn or pearle yarn. Mercerized cotton yarn is a type of cotton yarn that has been produced in a certain way that makes it stronger, more lustrous and less likely to shrink. Looking for yarn to make the Loom Theory Radiant Mobius? However, mercerized cotton will soften with washing and wear and is still useable for garments. Somewhat contradictory to that, non-mercerized yarn will be more absorbent making it a better choice for items like washcloths. Neither type of cotton is hands down better than the other. Cotton is mercerized by immersing it in an alkaline solution. How is Organic Cotton Yarn Different from Other Yarns? Venne of Holland is known for their high quality yarns in lots of yummy colors. An acidic bath is used to neutralize the alkali treatments. This causes the fibers to swell, straighten and become rounder, as well as making them absorb liquids, including dye, more readily. Producing mercerized cotton yarn involves exposing the cotton fibers to a caustic solution such as lye or sulfuric acid. Learn about a little known plugin that tells you if you're getting the best price on Amazon. In this month’s YouTube live, I’ll be sharing what the heck a “mercerized cotton yarn” is! La Mia Mercereized Cotton comes with a lot of color choices up to 26. I'm a knitter, and I really like to use mercerized cotton yarn for sweaters. It also has less tendency to pill or create lint. In 1844 John Mercer (see the connection?) Any yarn can be mercerized, even wool and I have worked with a lot of mercerized linen in the past but it is most often cotton. An item that relies on softness and drape is better suited for a non-mercerized cotton. Also, I'm allergic to wool, so my other options for nice sweater yarn are kind of limited. Chelsea Cape Mercerized cotton was used in vintage thread crochet and can still be found today in brands like Paton's Grace. We need to know how to put it all together, how to turn, how many chains are needed when. John Mercer, and English textile chemist, developed the technique in 1844 to improve the dye qualities of cotton yarn. Dye takes to mercerized cotton easier and thus produces richer tones. This type of yarn takes dye well, creating a lustrous shine that is beautiful to work with. It sounds like mercerizing cotton was definitely a product of the industrial revolution! Using yarn that doesn't shrink too much really helps! For a knitter, there's nothing worse than knitting a sweater to your exact measurements, and then accidentally shrinking it in the wash. This little known plugin reveals the answer. The Coffee Shop Wrap From our beloved La Mia Mercerized Cotton, here is an alternative for people who love to work with worsted yarn, La Mia XL Mercerized. Using this process dyes are better able penetrate the fibers. Cotton Mercerized is a delicately shining, mercerized and versatile cotton yarn for various knitting and crochet projects. This process not only causes the cotton fibers to swell and straighten, it also makes the fiber surface much smoother, causing the luster for which mercerized cotton yarn is known. cotton, hemp, linen) in fabric or yarn form. Amazon Doesn't Want You to Know About This Plugin. Any cotton fiber can be mercerized, however, long-staple varieties respond best. John Mercer discovered that immersing fibers such as cotton and linen in a caustic soda bath would increase their strength and also allow them to take dye more readily. Choose from a variety of 24 colors, which will be perfect for making fashion garments, home … I mainly use worsted yarn for sweaters, and luckily plenty of brands put out worsted weight mercerized cotton in tons of colors. While immersed in the solution the fiber is kept under tension (the improvement developed by H.A. In the 1890s H.A. This all came about in the 1840’s when a chap called John Mercer, a chemist taught himself the basics in dyeing cotton. All colors are available on 1 pound cones, approximately 2500 yards per pound for the 6/2 yarns and 2100 yards per pound for the 5/2 yarns. It also makes the cotton mildew- and lint-resistant and helps it accept dye more readily, allowing for stronger, more brilliant colors. Mercerization can be done on any cellulose fiber (i.e. Mercerization can be done on any cellulose fiber (i.e. Springtime Stroller Blanket. 24/7 Cotton® is a worsted-weight, mercerized 100% natural fiber yarn. The yarns labeled as “Goodbuys” are mill end yarns. YouTube Live: May 27, 2020 – 11:30am Central. Mercerized cotton will be shinier and stronger than non-mercerized varieties. Mercerized cotton is made by holding cotton yarn or fabric under tension, bathing it in a caustic solution at room temperature, and then neutralizing it with an acid bath. Knitting Gauge: 10x10 cm = 22 sts x 30 rows. For some reason I always thought it was just a different kind of cotton plant. Is Amazon actually giving you the best price? Just showing how to dc or sc is not enough. In brief, mercerization is a way of treating cotton that makes it stronger and more receptive to dye. Dyed for color fastness, but of course, be sure to test your sample the way you want to finish your fabric. Lion Brand Yarn offers a worsted weight option, 24/7 Cotton, as well as many patterns to pair it with. 1,007 mercerized cotton yarn products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which 100% cotton yarn accounts for 11%, fancy yarn accounts for 3%. Go to our kits page. He discovered that holding the fibers under tension during the process reduced shrinking and also created a lustrous sheen. They hold up well and they're a nice quick project that's easy to transport. After all, I'd imagine it would probably be very difficult to make mercerized cotton yarn in a non-factory setting. It is also stronger, takes dye a little more readily, makes the yarn more resistant to mildew and reduces lint. Thanks for considering my comment. It is also more durable, slightly lighter to dye, produces less fluff and is more resistant to mould. In order to increase the luster of the fibers, the most desirable quality in mercerized cotton yarn, the caustic solution must be applied to the cotton while the cotton fibers are held under tension. The added desirable water handling properties gained are a secondary bonus. There’s so much to know. Mercerization is a special chemical treatment that is used to alter the chemical structure of the cotton fibre in order to achieve a lustrous, shiny appearance on the fibre. Part of mercerized cotton being stronger means it sacrifices softness. It also cannot shrink or lose its shape in the same way as “regular” cotton. It also may not shrink or lose its shape as much as “regular” cotton. La Mia Mercerized Cotton, Produced with 100% mercerized cotton. This is done in repeated bursts of four minutes or less. Mercerized Cotton Knitting & Crochet Yarn. Cotton sock yarn is generally blended with nylon to give it more stretch and durability, two qualities that pure cotton yarn does not have.

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